Roofing is the process of covering the top most part of a house. A covered building will look good, give cover from climate effects and make the inside of the building cool. Roofing a building varies in many forms and designs Roofs are constructed considering the intended purpose of the building, kinds of covers available, preferred choices and many more reasons.
Types of tangible roofing items, the actual building of the roof and the lasting time of the roof are factors to be considered before doing a building cover. The most common kinds of building covers are made of grass, iron in form of sheets or slabs of concrete. These are also different when it comes to the cost, effectiveness and durability.
Roofs are majorly categorized as either horizontal or inclined. A roof that moves from a lower to a higher point is said to be pitched. A building cover that doesn’t rise up in its construction is termed as flat. The longevity of a roof is very vital given the fact that mending a roof or renewing it is not simple.
A roof is usually made up of two parts, the support and the outward material or structure. The supporting structure is usually created out of long lasting and strong material like wood, steel or bamboo. The outward part is usually the part seen from outside and it should also be durable. There are two major reasons for having a good roof on a building.
The first reason to have a roof on top of a building is for insulation. Covering is a major duty of a roof and this covers a building’s inhabitants together with their possessions from climate elements. Some roofing materials especially the natural fibrous kinds like thatched grass, have excellent insulation properties. For a roof that doesn’t give the required protection against weather elements, another suitable material is used together with the roof. This is seen in the cases where ceilings are constructed under the roof structure.
Another reason for constructing a roof is drainage. A roof is supposed to be designed such that it directs water to an intended place without causing harm. A flat roof should be inclined to some extent to allow for water to drain away safely. In most cases a gutter, which is usually a duct or a designated trough that directs rain water from a structure is used. Gutters provide for ways of storing the rain water in tanks or preventing harm by driving the water to a safe point.
Given the current technologies, we have roofs that have solar panels on top of them to provide for electric power to the building. Other solar systems on a roof are used to heat water or air inside the house. A roof can consist of an initial roof and added solar panels or it can only have solar panels as the actual roof.